A Pastoral Letter from the
Conference of Bishops of the
Evangelical Lutheran Church in America
A Pastoral Letter on Violence adopted by the ELCA Conference of Bishops, March 4, 2013
“A voice is heard in Ramah, weeping and great mourning, Rachel weeping for her children and refusing to be comforted, because they are no more.”
Jeremiah 31:15 and Matthew 2:18 (NIV)
Dear brothers and sisters in Christ:
Every faithful caregiver who sits with victims of violence knows what we know – as God's
church, we are called to reduce violence and should, in most cases, restrain ourselves from using
violence. Whether or not statistics show that overall violence has declined in recent years, every
person wounded or killed is a precious child of God.
As bishops of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America, we lament the tragedy of gun
violence in our country. We are grieved by the way violence threatens and destroys life. We
affirm the current soul searching and shared striving to find a way to a better future.
While the church grapples with this call to reduce violence and make our communities safer, we
recognize that before God we are neither more righteous because we have guns nor are we more
righteous when we favor significant restrictions. Brokenness and sin are not somehow outside of
us. Even the best of us are capable of great evil. As people of God we begin by confessing our
own brokenness – revealed in both our actions and our failure to act. We trust that God will set
us free and renew us in our life's work to love our neighbors.
In this time of public attention to gun violence, local communities of faith have a unique
opportunity to engage this work. As bishops, we were thankful to recognize the many resources
our church has already developed (see below). We begin by listening: listening to God, to
Scripture, and to each other. Providing a safe place for people to share their own stories, together
we discern courses of action. Together we act. And together we return to listening – to assess the
effectiveness of our efforts to reduce violence.
In the Large Catechism Luther says, “We must not kill, either by hand, heart, or word, by signs
or gestures, or by aiding and abetting.” Violence begins in the human heart. Words can harm or
heal. To focus only on guns is to miss the depth of our vocation. Yet, guns and access are keys to
the challenges we face.
We recognize that we serve in different contexts and have different perspectives regarding what
can and should be done. But as we live out our common vocations, knowing that the work will
take many forms, we are committed to the work of reducing and restraining violence. This
shared work is a sign of our unity in Christ.
We invite you, our sisters and brothers, to join us in this work:
• The work of lament – creating safe space for naming, praying, grieving, caring for one
another, and sharing the hope in God’s promise of faithfulness
• The work of moral formation and discernment – listening to scripture, repenting,
modeling conflict resolution in daily life, addressing bullying, conducting respectful
conversations, and discerning constructive strategies to reduce violence
• The work of advocacy – acting to address the causes and effects of violence
Knowing that we are not saved by this work, we undertake it trusting in Christ Jesus, who laid
down his life for the world and who calls us to be peacemakers, to pursue justice, and to protect
In this, as in all things, Christ is with us. Thanks be to God.
• Video: “We have Work to Do,” by former Presiding Bishop Mark Hanson
• “Community Violence,” a social message
• “The Body of Christ and Mental Illness,” a social message
• "Hearing the Cries: Faith and Criminal Justice," 2013 social statement
• “For Peace in God’s World,” a 1995 social statement
• “Ban of Military-Style Semi-Automatic Weapons,” 1989 social policy resolution
• “Community Violence – Gun Control,” 1993 social policy resolution
Bishop Jessica Crist
Bishop of the Montana Synod of the ELCA